“Bhagwat Gita says that everything consists of matter and spirit even our body is made up of Purush(Atman) and Prakriti. Western Sciences only study Prakriti it knows nothing about Purush and neither does it strive to know it, without Purush Prakriti is useless. Western science makes an attempt to understand the other but not of the self whereas our Vigyan studies both Purush and Prakriti hence being more holistic” said Swami Satyanand Das, well known Sanskrit scholar and scholar in Ancient Indian education system. He was giving a talk ‘Prachin Bharatiya Vigyan Pur Vimarsh ki Avashyakta” the talk was organised recently in New Delhi by Bharatiya Dharohar institution.
Declaring that Manas, Buddhi, Ahankaar all work according to the Atma he explained that in Ancient India understanding the self in other words spirituality was part of the scientific quest not in conflict with it “Mundaka Upanishad mentions two kinds of Vidyas- Para Vidya and Apara Vidya only when one knows both would one understand the purpose of life.”
This dearth of self knowledge he said is the root of unhappiness of the people “How can people be contented and efficient if they do not know themselves and their role in this world. If someone gets a job in a company but is not told what exactly his job or designation is he would just be confused, and go from here to there aimlessly at office. This is exactly what is happening with most people as we don’t know ourselves or our purpose in this world.”
He explained the rationale of the four Purusharth’s- Dharm, Arth, Kaam and Moksh “It is important to strike a balance between these four for example people should enjoy Kaam but not at the expense of their Dharm or Arth. People make money and try to enjoy sensory pleasures but they do not know the way to enjoy their senses because in order to enjoy the senses firstly you need to have control over them through practice of Brahmacharya. Only when one has the senses in control could they be able to use them otherwise the affect is that the senses end up using you rather than the other way round. Can you drive a car without learning how to control it. The Bhagwat Gita asks us to use our Vivek to control the senses.”
He underlined that without knowing oneself and being able to control one’s mind the individual or society can never be happy “Modern science does not give happiness how can one be happy if he has no peace at heart, where in the world is it taught how to make the heart peaceful. It is in our tradition where we learn how to control the restless mind and know the self hence be peaceful.”
Swamiji said Ancient science is deep rooted in our culture and is being rediscovered “In the west people are spending millions of dollars on research to conclude that one should drink water first thing in the morning, drink it while sitting and if possible drink warm water. Knowledge that are part of age old traditions known even to illiterate people in our country.”